African Dog Breeds
African Dog Breeds

by Catherine Marien-de Luca, Dogbreedsoftheworld.org

Azawakh and Whippet
Africa is probably one of the continents with the greatest variety in geographical and climatic conditions and still dog breeds managed to adapt in every region of Africa. Geologically, Africa includes the Arabian Peninsula; the frontier being marked by the Zagros Mountains of Iran and the Anatolian Plateau of Turkey, where the African Plate collided with Eurasia.
Azawakh next to Whippet
Photo by
Sebastian F

: a North-African dog, also known as Chien d'Atlas, was originally used as a flock guard and protection dog to defense nomads and their belongings. His strong scenting ability also make him a reliable hunting companion. His thick, dense coat is adapted to the most rigorous weather conditions, and also protects him against jackals and other predators. See Aidi.

Egyptian Armant: native to Egypt were they were originally used as guard dogs, due to their fearless courage when facing predators and their extreme loyalty to their owners.

Azawakh (African Greyhound)

See also: primitive dogs and unusual dog breeds.

Bedouin Shepherd

Coton de Tulear



Khoi dog

Rhodesian Ridgeback:
an exceptional scenthound with a typical crest of reverse growing hair (ridge) on the back.



Sloughi (Arabian Greyhound)

South African Boerboel



The first dogs introduced to the African continent were probably of the pariah-type, which came originally from Asia. Primitive dogs such as the Khoi dog (Hottentot dog) share common characteristics with the Asian pariah dogs that are not usually seen in the other dog breeds. See: Primitive dogs, Pariah dogs.

With the immigrants came the need for more specialized types of dogs, capable of carrying out specific tasks: hunting, guarding the property, etc. These African breeds usually stem from European dogs brought by the immigrants which were interbred with local dogs to make them more suitable to the local living and working conditions.

The group of African dog breeds includes not only dog breeds from the African mainland, but also dog breeds that originated in the Spanish Canary Islands which are usually considered as part of Northern Africa due to their relative proximity to Morocco. Because of their common ancestry and morphological types, some authors also consider the Mediterranean Sighthounds as belonging to this group. (see further)
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Dog Breeds of the World 2004-2011 © All rights reserved www.dogbreedsoftheworld.org and Dogbreeds.bulldoginformation.com.
Original idea, design and development by C. Marien-de Luca. Photos of the Dog Breeds of the World sphere of flags by by Mark Stay.
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Dogs from Southern Europe dependencies in Northern Africa:
The Spanish Canary Islands are often considered part of Northern Africa due to their relative proximity to Morocco.

Presa Canario
Podenco Canario

Mediterranean Sighthounds:
Some authors also consider the Mediterranean Sighthounds as belonging to this group, due to their common ancestry, history and morphological type.

Ibizan Hound
Pharaoh Hound
Cirneco dell'Etna

The Israel Canaan Dog
by Myrna Shiboleth (Author)
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(Complete Handbook)
by Lee Boyd, (Author), Victor Kaftal (Author)
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